The Smoking Spine

April 6th, 2015|

By Ashley Gilchrist, M.P.H., P.A.-C.

Tobacco use remains the leading preventable cause of death, disease, and disability in the United States1 and remains a significant public health concern. Roughly one in five American adults are currently smokers, and half will die prematurely from smoking-related causes.1 Cigarette smoking, or nicotine use, adversely affects nearly all tissues and […]